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Turabian Documentation - Bibliography

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Bibliographies (16.2-16.2.2, pp. 155-157)

Please see the Turabian manual for more information of the various types:

  • Selected bibliography
  • Single-author bibliography
  • Annotated bibliography

Your bibliography should be on a separate page at the end of your paper.

  • Create a bibliography entry for each source and arrange entries in alphabetical order by the first word of the work, which could be a person's last name, an organization's name, or the first word of a title (ignore the articles A, An, and The in titles and alphabetize by the next word).
  • Well-known dictionaries and encyclopedias are normally cited only in notes and do not appear in bibliographies, but you may want to include entries from subject-specific encyclopedias.
  • If you are citing more than one work by the same individual, arrange the entries alphabetically by title (16.2.2, pp. 156-157). After the first entry, replace the author's name with six hyphens.
  • Single-space the bibliography, leaving one blank line between entries. Use a "hanging indent" style if the entry is more than one line in length, as shown in the Type of Source examples.

The following is an example of a bibliography that lists the sources cited in the notes in alphabetical order.


Burchell, Kenneth W. "On the Bicentennial of the Death of Thomas Paine, June 8, 1809." Thomas Paine Review. Accessed April 20, 2018.
Foner, Eric. "Tom Paine's Republic: Radical Ideology and Social Change." In The American Revolution: Explorations in the History of American Radicalism, edited by Alfred F. Young, 189-228. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 1976.
------. The Story of American Freedom. New York: W.W. Norton, 1998.
Fruchtman, Jack. Thomas Paine: Apostle of Freedom. New York: Four Walls Eight Windows, 1996. eBooks on EBSCOhost.
Holmes, David L. The Faiths of the Founding Fathers. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.
Lamb, Robert. "The Liberal Cosmopolitanism of Thomas Paine." Journal of Politics 76, no. 3 (July 2014): 636-648.
Liberty! The American Revolution. Directed by Ellen Hovde and Muffie Meyer. KTCA-TV in association with Middlemarch Films, Inc.; Twin Cities Public Television, 1997. DVD. PBS Video, 2004.


If you have a type of source not covered in the examples given, ask the librarian to show you the Turabian manual. These are available at all campus libraries. Call number: LB2369 .T8 2018.

Bibliography *Turabian, Kate L. A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations: Chicago Style for Students and Researchers. 9th ed. Revised by Wayne C. Booth, Gregory G. Colomb, Joseph M. Williams, Joseph Bizup, William T. FitzGerald, and The University of Chicago Press Editorial Staff. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2018.
ACC Study Guide Series
Last updated: Aug. 30, 2019 - JS

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